Maple syrup is a popular commodity made from the sap of maple trees. This type of syrup is widely used as an ingredient in cooking and baking due to its distinctive flavor. The majority of maple syrup production occurs in North America, however maple syrup may be produced wherever maple trees grow.
Maple syrup production season begins in late February when maple trees are tapped; the alternating freezing and thawing temperatures promotes the production of sap in maples. Once tapped, trees will produce between 35 and 50 liters of raw maple sap each season, which can last up to eight weeks.
Brix of Maple Sap and Syrup
It's no secret to sugarhouses that it takes above 40 volumes of maple sap to produce 1 volume of maple syrup. In other words, we need to boil down 40 gallons of sap just to make one gallon of syrup. This is necessary because maple sap only contains between 1.5-3.5% sugar and finished maple syrup contains about 66% sugar! Sugarhouses therefore have to evaporate the water in the sap to concentrate the sugars to form the syrup we love.
In the US and Canada, the dissolved solids content of maple syrup must be more than 66% and less than 69%, using the Brix scale. The Brix scale is based on degrees, where 1 degree Brix is equal to 1% sugar. Since all of the dissolved solids in maple sap and syrup is from sugars, Brix is a convenient way to measure sugar content.
Digital Refractometer for Maple Syrup
As a leader in innovation Hanna Instruments developed the HALO Wireless pH Meter, which uses Bluetooth Smart Technology to connect to Apple and Android devices running the Hanna Lab App.
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